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Common Lab Tests
Complete blood count (CBC)—A screening panel of tests that examines different parts of your blood (white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets as well as hemoglobin, the part of the blood that carries oxygen). The test is used to screen for anemia, infection and many other diseases. This is a very common test, often ordered when you first come to the hospital to determine your general health status.
Comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP)—A group of tests that gives your doctor important information about the status of your kidneys, liver and electrolytes (which maintain the body’s fluid balance) as well as your blood sugar and blood proteins. Abnormal results, and especially combinations of abnormal results, can indicate a problem that needs to be addressed. Although this is generally a screening test, it can be used to check for conditions such as diabetes, liver disease and kidney disease. It can also be used to check for any kidney or liver-related side effects of medications.
Lipid panel—Includes tests for total cholesterol, HDL (good cholesterol), and triglycerides as well as calculations of VLDL cholesterol and LDL (bad cholesterol). This profile is often ordered to assess your risk for coronary artery disease.
Hemoglobin A1C—Evaluates the average amount of glucose in the blood over the past two to three months. It is a measure of blood sugar control for people with diabetes.